India’s national forest policy suggests a national goal of bringing 33% of the country’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in the plains, while 66% of the area should be under forest cover in the hilly regions. The National Forest Policy is currently under review, and the draft of the new policy aims to bring 33% of the government-owned forests under a community forest management regime by 2030. It also intends to double the tree cover area outside forests by 2030. Another objective of the draft policy is to integrate climate change mitigation and adaptation measures in forest management and enhance the carbon sequestration in forests and trees by 33% by 2030.
India’s forest and tree cover increases and accounts for 24.56% of the total geographical area.The forest and tree cover sequester about 16% of India’s annual carbon dioxide emissions. India has an impressive but ambitious NDC goal of creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes CO2e through other forest and tree cover by 2030.