Everything on Blockchain is NOT Crypto Currency

Blockchain Supply Chain the TRUST Matters

20th Dec 2022

Prabir Mishra , TRST01

A blockchain is a distributed, or decentralized, ledger that records transactions among multiple parties in a verifiable, tamper-proof method. The ledger can also be programmed to trigger the transactions automatically. 

A blockchain without cryptocurrency refers to a distributed ledger that keeps track of the status of a shared database across numerous users. The database can include the history of cryptocurrency transactions or confidential voting data related to elections, for example, that cannot be updated or deleted once added.

Blockchain technology is relevant to more than just cryptocurrencies. Blockchain, however, is mainly concerned with the decentralized storage of information and the consensus of particular digital assets, which can or cannot be cryptocurrencies.

So, can Blockchain be used for anything?

Blockchain technology can replace business models relying on third parties and centralized systems for Trust and Traceability. For instance, NFTs were initially introduced on the Ethereum network in late 2017 and are one of the disruptive innovations based on Blockchain — beyond cryptocurrencies — that influence intellectual property. 

Cryptocurrency networks are designed to replace fiat currencies. The primary function of Blockchain is to enable the network with an unlimited number of anonymous users to transact privately and securely without an intermediary. 

Public Blockchain only needs cryptocurrency to function, while private blockchains do not. Public and private blockchains are the two main categories of blockchains. Public blockchains are permissionless, allowing anyone to join the network and participate in the Blockchain. On the other hand, private blockchains networks lack in decentralization and are invitation-only networks and mostly run by a single organization.

Private blockchain examples include Hyperledger and Corda. The Linux Foundation created the Hyperledger project, which uses private blockchains to create distributed ledgers to support confidential commercial transactions. Another permissioned blockchain project developed by R3 is called Corda, which is intended for companies wishing to establish interoperable distributed networks with private transactions. 

There is neither a mandate nor a requirement for cryptocurrencies to power and incentivize network members because centralized corporations manage these private blockchains.


Blockchain in Supply Chain

In the case of Supply chains, a limited number of known parties interact, and Blockchain allows them to protect their business interest against any malicious actors. Successful blockchain applications for supply chains require permissioned blockchains and rules to govern the system. 

The world of ERP systems and financial ledgers stands to benefit from Blockchain. The scenario could be a simple transaction involving a retailer, a supplier, and a bank supplier needing to execute the order, with support from the bank in the form of working capital.

It could also apply to an E-commerce platform involving millions of daily transactions with thousands of vendors and multi-country settlements. The transaction involves flows such as informationinventory and finances.

Note that a given flow does not result in financial ledger entries for all three parties involved. ERP systems, manual audits, and inspections can’t aptly connect the three flows, making it challenging to eliminate errors in execution, improve decision-making, and resolve supply chain conflicts.

Errors in inventory data, missing consignments, and duplicate payments are impossible to detect in real-time. Even when a problem is detected after the fact, it is difficult and expensive to trace the sequences of activities recorded in available ledger entries and documents. The reconciliation challenge is always a nightmare. 


Source HBR

Though ERP systems capture all flows, it can be tough or Impossible to assess the journal entries (accounts receivable, payments, credits for returns) that correspond to the individual transaction or Specific Inventory. This is true for companies engaged in thousands of daily transactions across an extensive network of supply chain partners and products such as eCommerce platforms.

Blockchain provides a unique Idefiier with a hash (#) for each transaction of CoS (Change of State). Also, records and assets such as units of inventory, orders, and bills of lading are given unique identifiers. Additionally, each participant in the Blockchain has unique identifiers (# Value), or digital signatures to sign the blocks they add to the Blockchain. Every transaction step is recorded on the Blockchain as a transfer of the corresponding hash( #) from one participant to another.

A blockchain is valuable as it comprises a chronological order of blocks integrating all flows (three types) in the transaction and captures details that aren’t recorded in a financial ledger. Moreover, each block is encrypted and distributed with all participants who maintain copies of the Blockchain, thus making it immutable.

Thanks to these features, the Blockchain provides a complete, trustworthy, and tamper-proof mechanism for the audit trail of these three categories of activities in the supply chain. Permissioned Blockchain can do magic for the complex supply chain. 

A blockchain without cryptocurrency is a distributed ledger that stores data associated with non-fungible tokens (NFTs), supply chain initiatives, the Metaverse and more.

Ideally, blockchain technology has the potential to replace business models that rely on third parties and centralized systems for Trust, transparency and Traceability. 


Reference HBR, Coin telegraph 

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Krishna Vallapu is a technology evangelist and Entrepreneur, graduated from Nagarujuna University and trained in IIM, Ahmedabad. Proven track record in building futuristic products, surpassing goals, and expectations for quality. Superior expertise with developer supervision and client relations. Out of box thinker who thrives in collaborative environments, working across business and technical teams.

Inder Davalur

Inder has an MBA in Finance in India. Utilizing his Finance background he rose through the ranks in the banking sector in the US and then after receiving his MS in Healthcare Services Administration he started his career in healthcare at the Tufts Medical Center, Boston. 

Inder’s growing understanding of the expanding role of technology in healthcare caught the attention of the bureacracy and was invited to work on the Patient Privacy and Electronic Records Committee for the State of Massachusetts and later on at the State of Georgia Department of Health and Human Services. These were in the years immediately preceding the development and roll-out of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

Sensing a rise in ERP movement, Inder joined a software company and worked on managing ERP solutions projects in the manufacturing sector where his clients included the Coca Cola Company, Sara Lee, International Paper, Siemens (Canada) etc .

In 2008 he came to India with the aim of realizing his cherished dream of working in India. He served as the CEO of a EMR software company, and later on led the Digital Transformation at several hospital groups as a group CIO and Vice President. Inder has to his credit, several published articles in national and international healthcare technology management and as an invited speaker at various private and government conferences. He has also been cited in several articles and studies including one at the National Library of Medicine in the USA. 

In his spare time Inder indulges in travel and reading.

Puru Modani

A versatile and passionate leader with 20+ years of expertise in IT Business & Product Strategy, Market Access & Distribution models and Talent Acquisition. Seasoned Investor.  Founded multiple successful businesses & Angel Networks.

An IIM – K alumnus, before embarking on his successful multi sector entrepreneurship journey, Puru served various Fortune 500 companies in Senior Leadership roles. His last corporate stint was with Bank of America.

Suraj Teja P.

Suraj is an entrepreneur, with more than 2 decades of experience in creating various successful enterprises, a seasoned investor funded multiple startups, specialize in creating healthcare delivery infrastructure, board member and strategic advisor, skilled in Healthcare, Telecom, IT Strategy and Market outreach.

Naveen Kadiyala

A Technology Leader and Entrepreneur with a proven track record of building and managing innovative solutions in digital content delivery. Demonstrated history of delivering strategic solutions in Cable, Media & Entertainment industries. Expertise in building interactive ad solutions, advertising platforms, Live Streaming(QAM, OTT, PPV), subscription-based Video (SVOD, AVOD, TVOD) services, Cloud DVR, and Broadband/WiFi services at scale across a multitude of infrastructure options(On-Prem, Hybrid Cloud, Cloud Native, Cloud Agnostic). A strong business development professional and an entrepreneur at heart with a Master of Technology focused in Computer Science from Birla Institute of Technology.

Prabir Mishra

An Investment Banker, Startup coach, Mentor, Strategic planner. Sector expertise  Social, Agritech, Edutech, Healthcare, eGov Strategic Planner, M&A, Transaction Structuring, negotiations and valuation, An IIM-A Alumni with more than two decades of experience.